Recyclability and recoverability are the scope of EN 45555 (under development), following a mass-based approach. This White paper provides guidance on possible ways how to quantitatively consider in addition the net environmental benefits of recyclability and recoverability, complementing the mass-based approach. Possible data sources as well as a worked illustrative exmple complete this short white …
Presentation at EcoBalance 2016, Kyoto, on LCA of Data Centres – relevance of use stage vs. production
maki staff has presented first results from LCA calculations of a generic data centre, with the focus on the relative relevance of use stage vs. production. Typically a rather small contribution of the production stage is found for primary energy consumption, below 20%, although weaknesses in background data (clean room production, high purity materials…) may …
After some improvement work in notations, grouping terms, and adding some more clarifications since July, we provide here an improved Umbrella formula (UF+), that allows by parametrisation to tailor a formula with specifc properties, including an improved Integated formula (IF+) – which we see conceptually as strong – but also several other formula. Access the …
Expanding on the Integrated formula, we here provide an Umbrella formula, that allows by parametrisation to tailor a formula with specifc properties, including the Integated formula – which we see conceptually as strong – but also several other formula. Access the Briefing note for free here: Umbrella formula
Get the chapter here (free download): http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-94-017-7221-1_13.pdf Marc-Andree Wolf and Kirana Chomkhamsri: From Sustainable Production to Sustainable Consumption. pp 169-194. In: Sonnemann G, Margni M (Eds): Life Cycle Management. In: Klöpffer W, Curran MA: LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment. Springer, Dordrecht; 2015.