Tag: end-of-life

Circular Economy Formula (CEF) – a new, inherently closed-loop, attributional substitution approach for LCA, 2023

A new way of modelling of secondary products (materials, energy, parts, …) as input to and output from product systems has been developed by us: the Circular Economy Formula (CEF). The basic idea of this approach is that everything that is kept in the loop, i.e. handed back to the economy during End of Life …

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Environmental benefits of recyclability – White paper with guidance, data sources, illustrative example

Recyclability and recoverability are the scope of EN 45555 (under development), following a mass-based approach. This White paper provides guidance on possible ways how to quantitatively consider in addition the net environmental benefits of recyclability and recoverability, complementing the mass-based approach. Possible data sources as well as a worked illustrative exmple complete this short white …

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Improved Umbrella formula (UF+) and improved modular Integrated formula (mIF+)

After some improvement work in notations, grouping terms, and adding some more clarifications since July, we provide here an improved Umbrella formula (UF+), that allows by parametrisation to tailor a formula with specifc properties, including an improved Integated formula (IF+) – which we see conceptually as strong – but also several other formula. Access the …

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Umbrella formula for End-of-life modeling

Expanding on the Integrated formula, we here provide an Umbrella formula, that allows by parametrisation to tailor a formula with specifc properties, including the Integated formula – which we see conceptually as strong – but also several other formula. Access the Briefing note for free here: Umbrella formula